Publication Date : 29/01/2019
The Dominican Republic has a technical production of avocados that meets all the quality standards required by the countries to which the product is exported. Research and profitability have allowed the avocado produced in the Dominican Republic to achieve a good position in such markets. demanding as the European and the American.
Each year around 300,000 avocado seeds are produced and planted by the agroindustrial group Macapi, a company that since the early 1990 provides support to national agriculture, dedicated to the production and marketing of avocados of the variety Hass and the famous “guacamole” pasta, explains Manuel Castillo, in charge of the marketing and sales department of the Macapi group.
Castillo assures that in 2018 around 500 vanloads of avocados, equivalent to US $ 15 or US $ 20 million, were exported by Macapi and placed directly in supermarkets in the United States, without any problem The Dominican Republic received around US $ 121.4 million for the export of avocados.
“There is a body that created the American State that charges an amount of 60 cents per dollar. every box of Hass avocado that enters the United States. Any cash that comes in from Mexico, Chile or the Dominican Republic pays that amount, “says the executive. In that sense, Castillo explains that in 2018 the value of the proceeds in the United States closed at around US $ 80 million and that part of that money is It invests in the promotion of the product in different spaces such as the Super Bowl, which motivates to maintain and continue to grow consumption.
Top 6 During the period 2014-2017 the country received about US $ 121.4 million for the export of avocados to more than 34 countries under the seal of the Dominican Republic, according to the statistics of the Ministry of Agriculture. The United States plays a predominant role, placing itself within the market as the main trading partner in the export of the fruit.
The United States has made purchases to the country for a value of US $ 67.8 million, which represents 55.4% of the total national exports of the product during the reference period. Puerto Rico is positioned in the second place with exports for US $ 13.9 million, with 2017 being the year in which it was most exported, with US $ 5.1 million. The third place is occupied by Holland, a country to which, although no exports were made in 2017, it acquired US $ 8.7 million during the previous three years. in avocados produced in the Dominican soil.
In the fourth place is the United Kingdom, which between 2014 to 2017 made imports of the fruit in the amount of US $ 6.2 million. San Martín occupies the fifth place, when making imports for a value of US $ 1.9 million, going from US $ 283,726 in 2014, to US $ 638,917 in 2017, which reflects an absolute growth of US $ 355,191. The sixth place is occupied by Spain, which imported the product for an amount of US $ 1.2 million during the analyzed period.
For the production of avocados, the agroindustrial group Macapi has three farms located in San Juan, San José de Ocoa (4,000 tasks in Calimete) and in Elías Piña, where they have sowed about 100,000 tasks. Explain that from the farm to the world market their productions comply with the Globalgap, Haccp, Fresh directions of packaging and export of Hass premium avocados.
According to the manager of the Department of Marketing and Sales of the Macapi group, the seeds used in planting, which are Creole and the Apollo produced by themselves. “Right now they are half Apollo, half Creole, but we are trying to make a transition so that they are all Apollo and that these have a better behavior, so this year we will produce about 300 thousand trees and of those trees, half of them are with our seeds, “says Cast illo.